Like other cities in Anatolia, Denizli has hosted many civilizations throughout history. Denizli, where a civilization called Luwians lived in 2500 BC, was later captured by the Hittites. With the disappearance of the Hittites, the Firgler dominated the region. After the Phrygians, the Lydians dominated the region.
In 600-500 BC, Persians, then Alexander the Great, Pergamon Kingdom, Roman Empire, Byzantium dominated Denizli and its surroundings, respectively.
With the Victory of Malazgirt in 1071, Seljuks conquered Denizli as well as many Anatolian cities. Later, Byzantium attempted to take back Denizli but could not establish a long-lasting sovereignty in the region.
Germiyanoğulları, which was established in the region with the dissolution of the Anatolian Seljuks, became an Ottoman land during the period of Sultan Yıldırım Bayezid. While connected to a province when the independent Republic of Turkey Izmir, Denizli has achieved the establishment of provincial status.As it comes from its name, Denizli is not a center with a coastline as many people think. Continental climate, Mediterranean climate and Aegean climates are seen in Denizli, which is located in the Aegean Region. The region has a generally rugged structure. In Denizli, mountains (Honaz Mountain, Sazak Mountain, Monkey Mountain etc.) plains (Denizli Plain, Çürüksu Plain, Acıpayam Plain etc.) plateaus (Yatağan Kefe Plateau, Süleymanlı Plateau, Karagöz Plateau etc.) and lakes (Buldan Süleymanlı Yayla Lake, Beyağaç Kartal Lake, Acı Lake etc.).
Denizli is one of the hilly regions of our country. Approximately 70 percent of the people living in the region earn their living from agriculture. Denizli lands are suitable for agriculture. Crops such as barley, wheat, corn, chickpeas, poppy and tobacco are grown the most in the region. In Denizli, fruits such as pear, apple, watermelon, melon, pomegranate, almond and peach are also produced in Denizli. In addition, pistachio and olive cultivation is also carried out.
There are wide grazing areas in Denizli and its surroundings. In this respect, animal husbandry has also been a very common economic activity. The potential and variety of animals in the region is quite high. Bovine animals such as cattle, buffalo and donkey are also bred, especially sheep and hair goats. In addition, beekeeping and fishing are improving day by day. Modern chickens are fed. Denizli is also a center famous for its roosters. The region is famous for its ability to crow roosters for a long time.
Almost half of Denizli is covered with forests. Firewood and frankincense oil products are obtained from these forests every year. Minerals such as gypsum, chrome, clay, lignite, sulphate and sodium are mined. While weaving industry and metal lead the way, the industry in Denizli is growing day by day. In addition to painting and weaving factories, kitchen products (plates, pans, pots) and vehicle parts are also produced. In addition, leather, furniture, bolts, marble, shoes, etc. There are hundreds of businesses operating on it.
Places to See in Denizli
Denizli Historical Buildings
The Akhan Caravanserai, one of the works of the Anatolian Seljuk period, still stands as a functional whole with its 1100 square meter closed area and carries all the characteristics of the Seljuk architecture. Akhan, which has two inscriptions and was built by Seyfettin Karasungur, the governor of the period, is among the sultan inns built during the period of Izzettin Keykavus. One of the world-famous travelers, Ibn Battuta stayed in this Inn when he stopped by Denizli during his Anatolian tour.
Acıpayam Yazır Mosque
Yazır Mosque, located in Yazır Village of Acıpayam district, was built in the Ottoman period and attracts the attention of history enthusiasts with its inlaid and wood painting ceiling, which is the work of fine woodwork, and baroque-inspired paintings on its walls. If you are interested in history, Tavas Hırka Mosque, Kaleiçi Arasta Mosque, Kale Cevherpaşa Mosque, Buldan Çarşı Mosque, Baklan Boğaziçi Mosque, Baklan Kuyucak Mosque, Çivril Serbanşah Mosque, Baklan Tekke Mosque are among the must-see places.
Boğaziçi Town Old Mosque
Built in 1181 according to the Hijri Calendar, the mosque is an excellent religious building for those who want to explore Denizli’s cultural structure.
In addition to the pillars connected to each other by the Bursa arch, there are no decorations on the pulpit and the sermon rostrum.
Many visuals and decorations on the ceiling are features that do not exist in today’s mosques.
Ahmet Dede Tomb
As in every distinguished city, there have been saints and religious leaders who influenced societies in Denizli.
The coffin, which is uncertain when it was built, is located in the Çal district.
Historical Kaleiçi Bazaar
Kaleiçi Bazaar is a bazaar located in Bayramyeri, the oldest city square in Denizli, with a small amount of city walls from historical periods. Although it does not contain any historical remains, it is important in terms of being the spreading point of the Denizli Ahi tradition because it is home to the dying crafts. Ahi Evran, who came to Denizli, organized the tradesmen in the Kaleiçi region and established the ahi-order organization.
Denizli Ancient Cities
Hierapolis Ancient City
Hierapolis ancient city is 18 km away from the city center and is located on the back slope of Pamukkale Travertines. The name of the city founded by the Kingdom of Pergamon comes from Hiera, who is considered the Queen of the Amazons according to some claims. In addition, it is claimed that Hierapolis means “City of Happy People” in its literal meaning, and this name was given to the city due to its high level of prosperity thanks to rich income sources such as weaving and marble processing in and around the city.
Hierapolis ancient city is the main importance of Hz. He won as a result of the martyrdom of Saint Philip, one of the 12 Apostles of Jesus, by the Romans because he came to this city during the Roman period and spread the Christian religion. For this reason, the ancient city is among the locations frequently visited by the Christian community today. In the area where Saint Philip died, St. There are Filip Martirium and Oktagon (Eight-Sided) Bath, Filipus Bridge and Tomb Church.
Laodicea Ancient City
The ancient city of Laodikya was built by the Seleucid King II in the 3rd century BC. It was founded by Antiochus and named after the king’s wife, Queen Laodicea. Although there are historical artifacts such as Roman theater and Agora in the ancient city, it is the Laodicea Church, which is one of the 7 sacred churches mentioned in the Bible, which gave the ancient city its real importance.
Tripolis Ancient City
When the ancient city of Tripolis was first founded by the Lydians, it was named Apollion, and the city’s fertile plains due to the fact that it was a border between the Lydian civilization and the Phrygians and Carians and the Menderes river made the city important. The ancient city is currently located within the boundaries of Buldan district. Today, there are a few historical remains from the Romans in the ancient city.
Roman Bath-Hierapolis Archeology Museum
The Roman Bath, one of the most magnificent buildings of the Hierapolis Ancient City, was converted into the Hierapolis Archeology Museum in 1984.
The ruins of various ancient cities such as Tripolis and Attuda are exhibited in the museum.
Denizli Hot Springs
Karahayıt – Red Water
Karahayıt, located 5 km north of Pamukkale Travertines, is considered a branch of Pamukkale thermal springs system. The waters of these hot springs located in the town of Karahayıt are slightly different from the Pamukkale system. Although it shows similarity in terms of the composition of its water, unlike Karahayıt, the temperature is higher and carbon dioxide is less. The temperature of the thermal springs from three sources is 500-425-560 degrees, and this increases the healing rate more. The thermal spring, which has high radioactivity, is 950 meters above sea level, and its water contains bicarbonate, sulphate, carbon dioxide and calcium.
Boots with Spas
Boots with Spas in Buldan district of Denizli is one of the rich thermal spots of the region.
Boots with Spas are also called Yenice Spas. The region is located in Yenicekent, which is 16 kilometers from Buldan district.
Denizli Natural Beauties
Travertines of Pamukkale
Pamukkale Travertines are approximately 20 km away from Denizli city center and formed when the thermal water sources in the region came to light and formed a calcium carbonate precipitate by giving a chemical reaction. The entrance to the natural travertines collected in 2 main parts is prohibited, and there is free entrance to the artificial areas in the front without shoes and slippers. Pamukkale, which is a frequent destination for local and foreign tourists in every season of the year, is also a favorite of photographers. In addition, paragliding is also performed on the slope at the back of the travertines.
Cleopatra Pool (Ancient Pool)
Cleopatra Pool is located in Hierapolis Ancient City, which is right next to Pamukkale Travertines. The ancient pool, which is famous for its story as well as its formation, provides swimming opportunities both in summer and in winter with its 36 degrees water temperature. During the Roman Empire, this area was considered a health center and provided the visitors who came here to regain their health. As in Pamukkale Travertines, this place is very famous for its thermal healing waters. B.C. In the 7th century, there was an earthquake in the region and the structures in the region collapsed in a pit formed by the effect of the earthquake. Here’s how; The ancient pool is formed when the healing and sparkling thermal water fills the pit.
Işıklı Lake, or Akdağ Lake, is a freshwater lake with a maximum depth of 7 meters, located in the basin where Büyük Menderes was born, and is home to many bird species.
Kaklık Cave, located in the Kaklık District of Honaz district, is located 30 km away from Denizli. There is plenty of thermal water in the cave, which was formed by the collapse of the ceiling of the underground cavity formed by a large underground stream. Although clear, colorless and full of sulfur, water is known to be good for skin diseases.
Keloğlan Cave is located within the borders of Dodurga Town of Acıpayam district. The town’s location on the Antalya Highway enables Keloğlan Cave to attract transit passengers. In ancient times, the cave was named because one of the corners fell asleep in the cave, and when he woke up, he found himself with extended hair, and there are claims among the local people that it is good for hair and beard health.
Taşdelen Plateau surrounded by pine forests is located in the north of Babadağ Mountain.
Denizli Nikfer Ski Center
Known as Denizli Ski Center, Nikfer Ski Center or Bozdağ Ski Center, the ski center, 85 km away from the city center, where visitors have not yet developed a universal name, is becoming popular with the newly built facilities. The ski center, which has chair lifts, teleski, ski slopes, treadmills and ski equipment rental facilities, has extremely ideal tracks for amateurs in terms of fog and wind.
Bozkurt Karakısık Canyon
Karakısık Canyon located in Emir Stream has emerged as a result of the hardening of the sand and pebbles on the ground over the centuries.
Since the base of the canyon is sand, it can be reached from 5 meters to 150 meters deep.
It served as a bridge between İnciler Town and Acıpayam-Tavas districts for many years.
Crying Rock Waterfall
Crying Kaya Waterfall in Denizli is also known as Sakızcılar Waterfall.
Crying Kaya Waterfall, where you can enjoy the nature, is among the places preferred by those who want to escape from the crowd of the city and the waterfall waters flowing from a height of 30 meters are one of the most beautiful gifts of nature.
Honaz Mountain National Park
The Mediterranean climate is dominant in the magnificent Honaz Mountain, located within the borders of Honaz, Pamukkale and Serinhisar.
You can come across with a wide variety of vegetation as much as you want.
In addition to animals such as wild goats, wild boars, badgers, foxes and rabbits, there are 4 types of reptiles and 64 bird species.
Famous Dishes of Denizli
Pumpkin Vaccine in Molasses